SHIR HA-MA'ALOT (Heb. שִׁיר המַּצֲלוֹת; "Song of Ascent"), superscription of Psalms 120–134 (see psalms ). (The superscription of Psalm 121, however, is Shir la-Ma'-alot.) These psalms are now generally understood to have been sung by the pilgrims as they went up to Jerusalem to celebrate the three pilgrim festivals . Those carrying the firstfruits chanted Psalm 122 as they approached Jerusalem (TJ Bik. 3:2, 65c). In the Ashkenazi rite, these psalms are recited together with Psalm 104 on Sabbath afternoons during the winter season and also on tu bi-shevat . Psalm 126 is sung in the home before grace after Meals on Sabbaths and festivals.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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